hajj & umrah
Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam and is compulsory for those who are able to undertake this pilgrimage to Makkah. It takes place during Dhul-Hijjah, which is the final month of the Islamic calendar and every year, Muslims from across the world make the journey to Mecca from wherever they live, bringing together about 3 million Muslims to this holy sanctuary.
The rites performed at Hajj today were established by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ but, based on the Qur’an, they can be traced back to the Prophet Ibrahim, also referred to in English as Abraham. Hajj can be such a profound once-in-a-lifetime spiritual experience for many, and can inspire them to become a better person, less absorbed in their own material needs, and more considerate of the needs of others and of the life-hereafter. It brings together before God, standing equally side by side, people from every part of the world, from every walk of life.
Pilgrimage outside the season of Hajj is called Umrah, and is only to the Ka’bah in Makkah, without many of the rites of Hajj.
Many pilgrims make the journey from the Ka’bah in Makkah (the holiest place in Islam) to visit the mosque of Prophet Muhammad in Madinah (the second most holy place in Islam).